15/05/2021

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Artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence’s role in migration

Research and development in new technologies for migration management are rapidly increasing. Here are some  migration examples. Big data was accustomed to predict population movements within the Mediterranean. Artificial intelligence lie detectors used at the ECU border. And therefore the recent one is that the government of Canada using automated decision-making in immigration and refugee applications. AI in migration helps countries to manage international migration.

Every corner of the planet is encountering an unprecedented number of challenging migration crises. An increasing number of individuals are interacting with immigration and refugee determination systems. Therefore, nations are taking a stab at AI. AI in global immigration helps countries to automate a plethora of selections made almost daily as people want to cross borders and search for brand new homes.

Artificial intelligence projects in migration management can help in predicting subsequent migration crises with better accuracy. AI can predict the movements of individuals migrating.  They take under consideration different types of knowledge like WiFi positioning, Google Trends, etc. This data can further help the nations and government to  prepare more efficiently for mass migration. Governments can use AI algorithms to look at huge datasets and search for potential gaps in their reception facilities like the absence of appropriate places for people or vulnerable unaccompanied children.

Recognizing such gaps can allow the govt to change their reception conditions also be prepared to befit their legal obligations under international human rights law (IHRL).

ASYLUM SEEKERS AND REFUGEES

AI applications also can help in changing the lives of asylum seekers and refugees. AI machine learning and optimized algorithms are helping in improving refugee integration. Annie MOORE (Matching Outcome Optimization for Refugee Empowerment) is one such project that matches refugees to communities where they will find the resources and environment as per their preferences and wishes.

Asylum seekers or refugees most of the time lack access to lawyers and legal advice. A UK-based chatbot DoNotPay provides free legal advice to asylum seekers using intelligent algorithms. It also provides personalized legal support, which incorporates help through the united kingdom asylum application process.

Artificial intelligence

INTERNATIONAL MIGRATIONS AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

AI tech isn’t just helpful to the govt but also to international organizations taking care of international migration. Some organizations are already leveraging machine learning in association with biometric technology. IOM has introduced the large Data for Migration Alliance project, which intends to use different technologies in international migration.

Since 2002, the UNHCR has been leveraging different technologies for case management by developing the IT case management tool Profile Global Registration System (proGres). Since then, the UNHCR has been using biometric technology for refugee registration and provision of aid in camps.

However, nations are curious to explore AI and different technologies. But they tend to ignore the important impacts on human lives and its implications on human rights. These technologies for migration issues are largely unregulated, notoriously opaque, with little to zero accountability.

ALOGRITHMS ARE NOT ALWAYS TRUSTWORTHY

Humans eventually develop algorithms . Hence, chances are high that very high that they will make mistakes. United kingdom unfairly depoted 7000 students  simply because of a poor algorithm. The algorithm wrongfully charged them for cheating on a language test. In June 2018, US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) allegedly used an algorithm that recommended the detention of migrants to suits the policies on the US-Mexico border.

Not to forget, refugee and immigration claims are quite complex and crammed with nuances. Automated technologies or AI algorithms can cause breaches of protected human rights way to process and procedural fairness issues, bias, discrimination, etc.

How can we all know if the refugees will get fair treatment when an automatic decision-making system is being used? Thus, in migration and refugee claims, automated systems can cause life-and-death implications for normal people, who are feeling for his or her lives.

In this scenario, it’s important that developers, government, other parties involved, should make sure that creating cutting-edge technologies in-migration shouldn’t violate human rights. Many private organizations also are setting codes of conduct and technical standards to mitigate the challenges of Artificial intelligence and other technologies.

At one point, Artificial intelligence can enhance innovation, bring down costs, and make simpler systems for migration management. It’s likewise crucial to make sure that such developments are within the moral and legal frameworks. Governments and other entities should create systems and enable tech systems that are more profitable, equitable, and transparent.